how helpful health care clinics can be

Hemorrhoidectomy: Frequently Asked Questions

by Bonnie Gordon

Hemorrhoids or piles refer to a mass of swollen veins, muscle, and connective tissues in the rectum or anus. External hemorrhoids stick out of the anus while internal hemorrhoids remain within the anus. The symptoms include discomfort and bleeding in the anal area. Hemorrhoids can negatively affect the quality of your life, and you will require hemorrhoidectomy treatment fast. Here are FAQs to help you understand all about the hemorrhoidectomy surgical procedure.

What Is Hemorrhoidectomy, and What Does It Entail?

Hemorrhoidectomy is a surgical procedure that eliminates hemorrhoids. During the hemorrhoidectomy surgical procedure, surgeons administer anesthesia then make an incision with a laser or scalpel around the hemorrhoids. Then, the surgeon ties the hemorrhoidal tissue to prevent bleeding. Finally, the surgeon may suture the wound or leave it open. The different types of hemorrhoidectomies include:

  • Minimally Invasive procedures

Rubber band ligation. This hemorrhoidectomy procedure entails placing a rubber band at the base of the hemorrhoids to cut off the blood supply. In return, the hemorrhoidal mass degrades within a few days.

Sclerotherapy. This process entails injecting phenol almond oil into the hemorrhoids to shrink them.

Coagulation treatment. The procedure utilizes laser or heat to shrink or harden the hemorrhoids.

These minimally invasive procedures come with fewer risks.

  • Invasive procedures

Stapled Hemorrhoidopexy. The procedure entails using a circular stapling machine to eliminate excess hemorrhoidal blood vessels and staples the tissue.

Hemorrhoidal Artery Ligation Operation (HALO). The procedure entails locating hemorrhoids using ultrasound. Then doctors suture the hemorrhoidal tissue to prevent blood supply to the hemorrhoids. HALO is ideal for larger hemorrhoids, and surgeons perform it with Recto-Anal Repair (RAR).

These procedures are riskier than minimally invasive procedures but are effective for treating hemorrhoids. 

What Are the Risks of the Hemorrhoidectomy Procedure?

While hemorrhoidectomy has a higher success rate, the surgery may cause complications, though rare. For instance, patients may experience anal swelling, constipation, high fever, inability to urinate, and excessive bleeding. You should understand these risks and consult your doctor when you experience these complications.

What Is the Recovery Period After Hemorrhoidectomy?

Recovery after the hemorrhoidectomy surgical procedure may take a few weeks, depending on your body's response to the treatment and the type of procedure. For instance, you'll recover faster after a minimally invasive procedure than conventional hemorrhoidectomy. However, you can fasten your recovery by maintaining a proper diet and maintaining high hygiene levels post-surgery to avoid infections. Also, follow the doctor's instructions, including taking your medication as prescribed.

The common FAQs about the hemorrhoidectomy surgical procedure include what the surgery entails, its risks, and the recovery period. These FAQs provide essential information to help you undergo hemorrhoidectomy confidently.